Ali Asghar Noor Muhammad Aneel Salman
The selection of military aircraft, by nature, is a process consisting of conflicting goals and objectives at the conceptual, preliminary, and detailed level. In order to ease the process of making decisions wisely from a varied group of options available, Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) methods are applied effectively. A scenario is put forth pertaining to defense acquisition, when a contemporary air force needs to select and add new and better fighter aircrafts to their pre-existing fleets. This paper studies the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and its goal to improve its aerial defense and precise ground strike capabilities. Moreover, this paper aims to help raise the bar of general aerial defense and counter terrorism operations. This research paper also sets an appropriate methodological approach for defense procurement and the fleet up-gradation planning process via the use of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), an MCDM technique. Furthermore, this study specifically focuses on a set of ten technical and economic criteria, applied over six alternative aircraft while, keeping in mind, the counter-insurgency and aerial defense requirements of PAF. Lastly, a Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) has been applied to ensure that the selected alternative is in line with the economic constraints faced by the limited fiscal budget of Pakistan.
Multi Criteria Decision Making, Analytical Hierarchy Process, Cost Benefit Analysis, Efficiency Cost Indicator.
Bhushan, N. & Rai, K. (2007). Strategic decision making: applying the analytic hierarchy process. London: Springer Science & Business Media. Doi: 10.1007/b97668
BÃ¼yÃ¼kyazÄ±cÄ±, M. & Sucu, M. (2003). The Analytic Hierarchy and Analytic Network processes. Criterion, 1, c1.
Dey, P. K. (2002). Benchmarking project management practices of Caribbean organizations using Analytic Hierarchy Process. Benchmarking: An international journal, 9, 326-356. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/14635770210442680
DoÅ¾iÄ‡, S. & KaliÄ‡, M. (2014). An AHP approach to aircraft selection process. Transportation Research Procedia, 3, 165-174. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2014.10.102
DoÅ¾iÄ‡, S. & KaliÄ‡, M. (2015_. Comparison of two MCDM methodologies in aircraft type selection problem. Transportation Research Procedia, 10, 910-919. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2015.09.044
Forman, E. H. & Gass, S. I. (2001). The Analytic Hierarchy Processâ€”an exposition. Operations Research, 49, 469-486. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1287/opre.49.4.469.11231
Harasani, W. I. (2006). Evaluation and selection of a fleet of aircraft for a local airline. Journal of King. Abdulaziz University: Engineering Sciences, 17(2), 3-16. Doi: 10.4197/eng.17-2.1
Harasani, W. I. (2013). Evaluation and selection of a fleet of aircraft located in Madniah, Saudi Arabia. Editorial and Advisory Board, 4, 40.
Hwang, C. & Yoon, K. (1981). Multiple criteria decision making. Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems, 186.
Kyriazis, N. & Salavrakos, I.-D. (2006). Defence procurement in Greece:: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of fighters for the Hellenic Air Force. 10th Annual International Conference on Economics and Security, Thessaloniki. Citeseer, 22-24. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.03.023
Martins, H. & Mendoza, G. A. (2006). Multi-criteria decision analysis in natural resource management: A critical review of methods and new modeling paradigms. Forest Ecology and Management, 3, 1-22. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.03.023
Palut, M. P. J. & Canziani, O. F. (2007). Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pyzdek, T. (2014). AHP spreadsheet [Online]. Available: http://sixsigmatraining.com/six-sigma-tools/ahp-spreadsheet.html.
Saaty, T. L. (1980). The Analytic Hierarchy Process. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Saaty, T. L. (1990). How to make a decision: the Analytic Hierarchy Process. European Journal of Operational Research, 48, 9-26. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-2217(90)90057-I
Saaty, T. L. (2004). Decision makingâ€”the Analytic Hierarchy and Network Processes (AHP/ANP). Journal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering, 13, 1-35.
Saaty, T. L. (2008). Decision making with the Analytic Hierarchy Process. International Journal of Services Sciences, 1, 83-98. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJSSCI.2008.017590
Salomon, V. A. & Montevechi, J. A. B. (2001). A compilation of comparisons on the Analytic Hierarchy Process and others multiple criteria decision making methods: some cases developed in Brazil. 6th International Symposium on the Analytic Hierarchy Process, Bern.
SÃ¡nchez-Lozano, J., Serna, J. & DolÃ³n-PayÃ¡n, A. (2015). Evaluating military training aircrafts through the combination of multi-criteria decision making processes with fuzzy logic. A case study in the Spanish Air Force Academy. Aerospace Science and Technology, 42, 58-65. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ast.2014.12.028
Sen, P. & Yang, J.-B. (1998). Multiple criteria decision support in engineering design. London: Springer. Doi: 10.1007/978-1-4471-3020-8
Stewart, T. & Belton, V. (2002). Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis: An integrated approach, London. Kluwer Academic Publisher.
Syed, B. S. (2016). Time running out for Pakistan on F-16 decision. Dawn News.
Tsagdis, A. (2008). The use of the Analytical Hierarchy Process as a source selection methodology and its potential application within the Hellenic Air Force. DTIC Document.
Udo, G. G. (2000). Using Analytic Hierarchy Process to analyze the information technology outsourcing decision. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 100(9), 421-429. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/02635570010358348
Wang, J., Fan, K., Su, Y., Liang, S. & Wang, W. (2008). Air combat effectiveness assessment of military aircraft using a fuzzy AHP and TOPSIS methodology. System Simulation and Scientific Computing, 2008. ICSC 2008. Asia Simulation Conference-7th International Conference on, 2008a. IEEE, 655-662. Doi: Doi: 10.1109/ASC-ICSC.2008.4675442
Wang, R., Zhang, A. & Shi, Z.-W. (2008b). Effectiveness evaluation of advanced fighter plane based on power series and fuzzy AHP [J]. Fire Control and Command Control, 11, 020.
Wang, T.-C. & Chang, T.-H. (2007). Application of TOPSIS in evaluating initial training aircraft under a fuzzy environment. Expert Systems with Applications, 33, 870-880. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2006.07.003
Copyright of all articles published in IJAHP is transferred to Creative Decisions Foundation (CDF). However, the author(s) reserve the following:
- All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
- The right to grant or refuse permission to third parties to republish all or part of the article or translations thereof. In case of whole articles, such third parties must obtain permission from CDF as well. However, CDF may grant rights with respect to journal issues as a whole.
- The right to use all or parts of this article in future works of their own, such as lectures, press releases, reviews, textbooks, or reprint books.
- The authors affirm that the article has been neither copyrighted nor published, that it is not being submitted for publication elsewhere, and that if the work is officially sponsored, it has been released for open publication.
The only exception to the statements in the paragraph above is the following: If an article published in IJAHP contains copyrighted material, such as a teaching case, as an appendix, then the copyright (and all commercial rights) of such material remains with the original copyright holder.
CDF will receive permission for publication of copyrighted material in IJAHP. This permission is not transferable to third parties. Permission to make electronic and paper copies of part or all of the articles, including all computer files that are linked to the articles, for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage.
This permission does not apply to previously copyrighted material, such as teaching cases. In paper copies of the article, the copyright notice and the title of the publication and its date should be visible. To copy otherwise is permitted provided that a per-copy fee is paid.
To republish, to post on servers, or redistribute to lists requires that you post a link to the IJAHP article, which is available in open access delivery mode. Do not upload the article itself.
Authors are permitted to present a talk, based on a paper submitted to or accepted by IJAHP, at a conference where the paper would not be published in a copyrighted publication either before or after the conference and where the author did not assign copyright to the conference or related publisher.