Published Sep 13, 2017
Aylin Çi?dem Köne Tayfun Büke


The environmental efficiencies of 31 member countries of the European Environment Agency between 1990 and 2011 were evaluated using the gross domestic product using purchasing power parity. Categories of imparting pressure on the environment, including global warming, acidification, tropospheric ozone formation and particle formation potentials were considered for each country. These environmental pressure categories were weighted using the Analytical Hierarchy Process methodology. Calculations of the results indicated the Netherlands, Germany, the United Kingdom, Hungary and Ireland ranked 10th, 15th, 17th, 21st and 22nd respectively in 1990, and their ranking changed to 4th, 8th, 3rd, 17th and 11th respectively in 2011. These results point out a marked shift in the trend of economic and environmental efficiency. On the contrary, Portugal, Malta, Croatia and Turkey were ranked 7th, 9th, 13th and 14th respectively in 1990, and at the end of the period, they dropped to 14th, 15th, 22nd and 28th respectively. There seems to be a positive linear relationship that exists between calculated eco-efficiency scores and income, but a high value for gross domestic product using the purchasing power parity does not automatically imply good environmental performance or vice versa.


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Eco-efficiency, Air pollutants, Environmental pressure, weighting, AHP

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