Stakeholder participation is an important aspectin integrated watershed management process. Decision making in integratedwatershed management typically concerns several stakeholders with conflictingviews. The most critical issue in the watershed management process is theactive involvement of a range of stakeholder groups in the process in order toprovide support for the implementation of watershed management strategies. Thisstudy offers a systematic approach and analytical means to have the optimalwatershed management strategy in order to protect and restore aquaticecosystems, human health, and other natural resources in BeyÅŸehir Lake Basin,the largest freshwater lake in Turkey. As a methodology SWOT (Strengths,Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats)â€“AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process)framework is used to identify differences among the knowledge, experiences, values,and interests of three different stakeholder groups (local communities, localauthorities, and experts) regarding optimal watershed management strategy. Thestudy illustrates the feasibility of combined uses of SWOTâ€“AHP in incorporatingstakeholder preferences to the decision making process of integrated watershedmanagement. Such an explicit decision making process leads to more sustainablewatershed planning and management decisions as well as foster increasedcommunity capacity to constructively address important issues.
Integrated watershed management, stakeholder-based decision making, analytical hierarchy process (AHP), BeyÅŸehir Lake Basin, SWOT AHP
Demirel Üniversitesi ?ktisadi ve ?dari Bilimler Fakültesinde bir uygulama. Süleyman
Demirel Üniversitesi ?ktisadi ve ?dari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 15(2), 455-477.
Babao?lu. M. (2007). Bey?ehir Gölü’nün sorunlar? ve al?nmas? gereken önlemler
[online]. http://www.mehmetbabaoglu.gen.tr/beygolresim/beysehirraporu.pdf. Accessed:
Beierle. T.C. (2002). The quality of stakeholder-based decisions. Risk Analysis, 22(4),
Bonnell. J.. & Baird. A. (2010). Community-based watershed management [online].
http://ohioline.osu.edu/ws-fact/0001.html. Accessed: 11.05.2010.
Çelik. N.. & Murat. G. (2008). Say?salla?t?r?lm?? SWOT analizi ile Bart?n ?l’inin
ekonomik yap?s?n? de?erlendirme [online]. 2. Ulusal ?ktisat Kongresi. (20-22 Subat
2008). Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi ??BF ?ktisat Bölümü. ?zmir.
http://www.deu.edu.tr/userweb/iibf_kongre/dosyalar/celik.pdf. Accessed: 25.02.2011.
DeSteiguer. J.E.. Duberstein. J.. & Lopes. V. (2003). The analytic hierarchy process as a
means for integrated watershed management [online]. In: Renard. K.G.. McElroy. S.A..
Gburek. W.J.. Canfield. H.E. and Scott. R.L. (Eds). Proceedings of First Interagency
Conference on Research in Watersheds. pp.737-740. US Department of Agriculture.
Agricultural Research Service.
Dwivedi. P. & Alavalapati. J.R.R. (2009). Stakeholders’ perceptions on forest biomassbased
bioenergy development in the Southern US. Energy Policy, 37, 1999–2007.
Gürbüz. F. (2010). A’WOT analizi-Erciyes Üniversitesi Endüstri Mühendisli?i Bölümü
uygulamas? [Online]. Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 26(4), 369-
Hac?menni. E. (1998). Analitik hiyerar?i süreci ve bili?im teknolojisi kararlar?nda
uygulanmas?. ?zmir. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Doktora Tezi.
Kajanus. M. Kangas. J. & Kurttila. M. (2004). The use of value focused thinking and the
A’WOT hybrid method in tourism management. Tourism Management, 25 (4), 499-506.
Kandako?lu. A. I. Akgün. & Topçu. Y. I. (2007). Strategy development and evaluation in
the Battlefield using quantified SWOT analytical method [online]. 9th International
Symposium on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (August 2-6 2007. Viña del Mar. Chile)
Online Proceedings. http://chile2007.isahp.org/. Access: 01.01.2010.
Kangas. J. Kurttila. M. Kajanus. M. & Kangas. A. (2003). Evaluating the management
strategies of a forestland estate - the S–O–S approach. Journal of Environmental
Management, 69, 349-358.
Kangas. J.. Pesonen. M.. Kurttila. M.. & Kajanus. M. (2001). A’WOT: Integrating the
AHP with SWOT analysis [Online]. Sixth International Symposium on the Analytic
Hierarchy Process- ISAHP 2001 (August 2-4. 2001. Bern. Switzerland). 189-198.
http://www.isahp.org/2001Proceedings/Papers/037-P.pdf. Access: 20.01.2011.
Kurttila. M. Pesonen. M. Kangas J. & Kajanus. M. (2000). Utilizing the analytic
hierarchy process (AHP) in SWOT analysis - a hybrid method and its application to a
forest-certification case. Forest Policy and Economics, 1(1), 41-52.
Leskinen. L.A. Leskinen. P. Kurttila. M. Kangas. J. & Kajanus. M. (2006). Adapting
modern strategic decision support tools in the participatory strategy process—a case
study of a forest research station. Forest Policy and Economics 8(3), 267-278.
Margerum. R.D. (1999). Integrated environmental management: the foundations for
successful practice. Environmental Management, 24(2), 151–166.
Masozera. M.K. Alavalapati. J.R.R. Jacobson. S.K. & Shrestha. R.K. (2006). Assessing
the suitability of community-based management for the Nyungwe Forest Reserve.
Rwanda. Forest Policy and Economics, 8(2), 206-216.
Mikhailov. L. (2000). A fuzzy programming method for deriving priorities in the analytic
hierarchy process. Operational Research Society, 51(3), 341-349.
Mirchi. A. Watkins. D. Jr. & Madani. K. (2010). Modeling for watershed planning.
management. and decision making. In: Watersheds: management. restoration and
environmental impact. Jeremy C. Vaughn (Ed). Environmental Science. Engineering and
Technology Series. e-book. ISBN: 978-1-61209-295-9.
Osuna. E.E. & Aranda. A. (2007). Combining SWOT and AHP techniques for strategic
planning [Online]. 9th International Symposium on the Analytic Hierarchy Process
(August 2- 6 2007. Viña del Mar. Chile) Online Proceedings. 1-8.
http://chile2007.isahp.org/. Accessed: 01.01.2010.
Pesonen. M.. Kurttila. M.. Kangas. J.. Kajanus. M.. & Heinonen. P. (2001). Assessing the
priorities using A’WOT among resource management strategies at the Finnish Forest and
Park Service. Forest Science. 47 (4). 534-541.
Qianxiang. L. Igbokwe. K.N. & Jiayong. L. (2005). Community-based integrated
watershed management [online]. www.paper.edu.cn/index.php/.../journal-1004-
2857(2005)01-0060-05. Accessed: 03.04.2010.
Saaty. T.L. (2001). Fundamentals of the analytic hierarchy process. In The analytic
hierarchy process in natural resource and environmental decision making. Schmoldt.
D.L.. Kangas. J. Mendoza. G.A. & Pesonen. M. (Eds). Netherlands: Kluwer Academic
Saaty. T.L. (2003). Decision Aiding Decision-making with the AHP: Why is the principal
eigenvector necessary. European Journal of Operational Research, 145, 85–91.
Saaty. T.L. (2008). Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process. International
Journal of Services Sciences, 1(1), 83-98.
Saaty. T.L.. & Vargas. L.G. (2001). Models. methods. concepts and applications of the
analytical hierarchy process. Dordrecht. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publisher.
Sharma. B.R.. Samra. J.S.. Scott. C.A.. & Wani. S.P. (Eds.) (2005). Watershed
Management Challenges: Improving Productivity. Resources and Livelihoods. Colombo.
Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute, 336.
Shinno. H. Yoshioka. H. Marpaung. S. & Hachiga. S. (2006). Quantitative SWOT
analysis on global competitiveness of machine tool industry. Journal of Engineering
Design, 17(3), 251-258.
Shrestha. R.K. Alavalapati. J.R.R. & Kalmbacher. R.S. (2004). Exploring the potential
for silvopasture adoption in south-central Florida: An application of SWOT-AHP
method. Agricultural Systems, 81, 185-199.
Srdjevic Z. Bajcetic. R. & Srdjevic B. (2012). Identifying the criteria set for multicriteria
decision making based on SWOT/PESTLE analysis: a case study of reconstructing a
water intake structure. Water Resources Management, 26(12), 3379-3393.
Srdjevic. B. (2005). Combining different prioritization methods in the analytic hierarchy
process synthesis. Computers & Operations Research, 32, 1897-1919.
Stewart. A.R. Mohamed. S. & Daet. R. (2002). Strategic implementation of IT/IS projects
in construction: A case study. Automation in Construction, 11, 681-694.
Ta?k?n. A. & Güneri. A.F. (2005). Strateji geli?tirmede A’WOT hibrit metodu kullan?m?
ve Türk kimya sektöründe bir uygulama çal??mas? [Online]. V. Ulusal Üretim
Ara?t?rmalar? Sempozyumu. (?stanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi. 25-27 Kas?m 2005). 503-507.
http://www.iticu.edu.tr/kutuphane/pdf/uas/M01071.pdf. Accessed: 06.04.2011.
Teknomo. K. (2006). Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) Tutorial,
http://people.revoledu.com/kardi/tutorial/AHP/Consistency.htm. Accessed: 11.01.2010.
Weihrich. H. (1982). The TOWS matrix-a tool for situational analysis. Long Range
Planning, 15(2), 54-66.
Wickramasinghe. V. (2008). Analytical tourism disaster management framework for
sustainable tourism following a sudden calamity [Online]. PhD dissertation. Division of
Engineering and Policy for Cold Regional Environment. Hokkaido University. Japan.
http://220.127.116.11/e3/alumni/abstract/Vasantha.pdf. Accessed: 11.01.2010.
Wickramassinghe. V. & Takano. S. (2009). Application of combined SWOT and
Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for tourism revival strategic marketing planning: a
case of Sri Lanka Tourism. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation
Studies, 8, 954-969.
Y?lmaz. E. (2007). A’WOT tekni?i kullanarak kat?l?mc? yakla??mla proje de?erlendirmesi
[online]. Doa Dergisi (Journal of Doa). 13. 1-16. Do?u Akdeniz Ormanc?l?k Ara?t?rma
Müdürlü?ü. Mersin. www.doa.gov.tr/doadergisi/doa13/AWOT%20.pdf. Accessed:
Copyright of all articles published in IJAHP is transferred to Creative Decisions Foundation (CDF). However, the author(s) reserve the following:
- All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
- The right to grant or refuse permission to third parties to republish all or part of the article or translations thereof. In case of whole articles, such third parties must obtain permission from CDF as well. However, CDF may grant rights with respect to journal issues as a whole.
- The right to use all or parts of this article in future works of their own, such as lectures, press releases, reviews, textbooks, or reprint books.
- The authors affirm that the article has been neither copyrighted nor published, that it is not being submitted for publication elsewhere, and that if the work is officially sponsored, it has been released for open publication.
The only exception to the statements in the paragraph above is the following: If an article published in IJAHP contains copyrighted material, such as a teaching case, as an appendix, then the copyright (and all commercial rights) of such material remains with the original copyright holder.
CDF will receive permission for publication of copyrighted material in IJAHP. This permission is not transferable to third parties. Permission to make electronic and paper copies of part or all of the articles, including all computer files that are linked to the articles, for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage.
This permission does not apply to previously copyrighted material, such as teaching cases. In paper copies of the article, the copyright notice and the title of the publication and its date should be visible. To copy otherwise is permitted provided that a per-copy fee is paid.
To republish, to post on servers, or redistribute to lists requires that you post a link to the IJAHP article, which is available in open access delivery mode. Do not upload the article itself.
Authors are permitted to present a talk, based on a paper submitted to or accepted by IJAHP, at a conference where the paper would not be published in a copyrighted publication either before or after the conference and where the author did not assign copyright to the conference or related publisher.