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Published Dec 6, 2018
Rafikul Islam Norimah Md. Dali Alias Abdullah

Abstract

Opinions were sought from a panel of two groups of Malaysian experts, i.e., the urban planners and the Maqasid al-Shariah scholars with the aim of developing an evaluation model via identifying and ranking the Maqasid indicators and sub-indicators for liveability and quality of life in cities. The measurement utilizes the Dharuriyyat (essentials or necessities) dimension of the Maqasid al-Shariah principles based on Al-Shatibi’s School of maslahah which targets public interests and benefits of living in cities. This is supported by Ibn Ashur and contemporarily by Yusuf al-Qaradhawi who emphasize harmony, justice and global peace. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) has been used as the main method to prioritize the indicators and sub-indicators. The AHP results indicate that religion, life, intellect, lineage and wealth are in descending order of importance, similar to the priorities of the classic Maqasid al-Shariah doctrine. However, the sub-indicators are ranked in terms of priorities based on the consensus of the urban planners and maqasid practitioners which ultimately form the Islamic liveability measurement for cities.

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Keywords

Maqasid al-Shari'ah, liveability of cities, AHP

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