We propose an integration method that uses agent-based modeling to simulate tsunami evacuation and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to make a decision on a countermeasure. First, we created multiagent coast models that include a tsunami agent, shelter agents, road agents and evacuee agents. Second, we divided the coast into several districts and predicted the tsunami evacuation success/failure number of each district by using a computer simulation with multiagent coast models. Third, we considered several countermeasures (adding a shelter, adding an evacuation route) using that prediction. Fourth, we estimated the effects of each countermeasure. Finally, we use AHP to determine the best countermeasure against a tsunami disaster.
agent-based modeling, tsunami disaster, countermeasure decision making
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