In the contemporary debate regarding environmental assessment and integrated approaches, a Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) designed to help a user or a group of users reach more effective decisions by solving semi-structured spatial problems can be supported by Geographical Information Systems (GIS) combined with an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). This paper explores the potential of Multi-Criteria Spatial Decision Support Systems (MCSDSS), denominated Integrated Spatial Assessment (ISA), for the field of land-use planning. Such a system takes into account both technical knowledge regarding the decision problem at hand and the lay knowledge of the local community in the construction of shared planning choices. Through the empirical investigation of an operative case study, an integrated evaluative approach implemented by means of MCSDSS can go beyond spatial and hierarchical limits - taking into account the different components, clarifying weights and recognizing different priorities - to define appropriate strategies, considering social participation and dynamic dialogue among different experts in keeping with sustainability principles.
Analytic Hierarchy Process, Geographic Information System, Integrated Assessment, Multi-Criteria Spatial Decision Support System
multicriteria approaches to housing site suitability assessment, paper presented to the
XXIII FIG Congress, Shaping the Change, Munich, Germany, October 8-13.
Carver, S.J. (1991), Integrating multi-criteria evaluation with geographical information
systems, International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 5, 321–339.
Cerreta, M., & De Toro, P. (2010), Integrated spatial assessment for a creative decisionmaking
process: a combined methodological approach to strategic environmental
assessment, International Journal of Sustainable Development, 13(1/2), 17–30.
Chen, K., Blong, R., & Jacobson, C. (2001), MCE-RISK: integrating multicriteria
evaluation and GIS for risk decision-making in natural hazards, Environmental Modelling
and Software, 16, 387–397.
Dye, A.S., & Shaw, S.-L. (2007), A GIS-based spatial decision support system for
tourists of Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Journal of Retailing and Consumer
Services, 14, 269–278.
Eggenberger, M., & Partidário M. (2000), Development of a framework to assist the
integration of environmental social and economic issues in spatial planning, Impact
Assessment Project Appraisal, 18(1), 201–207.
Eldrandaly, K. (2010), A GEP-based spatial decision support system for multisite land
use allocation, Applied Soft Computing, 10, 694–702.
Eastman, J.R., Kyem, P.A.K, Toledano, J. & Jin, W. (1993), GIS and Decision making,
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), Geneva, Switzerland,
Finnveden, G., Nilsonn, M., Johansonn, J., Personn, Å., Moberg, Å., & Carlsonn, T.
(2003), Strategic environmental assessment methodologies – Application within the
energy sector, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 23, 91-123.
Fusco Girard, L. (1987), Risorse architettoniche e culturali: valutazioni e strategie di
conservazione, Milano, Angeli.
Fusco Girard, L., & Nijkamp, P. (1997), Le valutazioni per lo sviluppo sostenibile della
città e del territorio, Milano, Angeli.
Geneletti, D. (2004), A GIS-based decision support system to identify nature
conservation priorities in a alpine valley, Land Use Policy, 21, 149–60.
Jankowski, P., Nyerges, T.L., Smith, A., Moore, T.J., & Horvath, E. (1997),Spatial group
choice: a SDSS tool for collaborative spatial decision making, International Journal of
Geographical Information Systems, 11(6), 566–602.
Joerin, F., & Musy, A. (2000), Land management with GIS and multicriteria analysis,
International Transactions in Operational Research, 7, 67–78.
Karnatak, H.C., Saran, S., Bhatia, K., & Roy, P.S. (2007), Multicriteria Spatial Decision
Analysis in Web GIS Environment, Geoinformatica, 11, 407–429.
Lee, N. (2006), Bridging the gap between theory and practice in integrated assessment,
Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 26, 57–78.
Malczewski, J. (1999), GIS and multicriteria decision analysis, New York, Wiley.
Malczewski, J. (2004), GIS-based land-use suitability analysis: a critical overview,
Progress in Planning, 62, 3–65.
Marinoni, O. (2004), Implementation of analytic hierarchy process with VBA in ArcGIS,
Computational Geosciences, 30, 637–646.
Nekhay, O., Arriaza, M., & Guzmán-Álvarez, J.R. (2009), Spatial analysis of the
suitability of olive plantations for wildlife habitat restoration, Computers and Electronics
in Agriculture, 65, 49–64.
Munda, G. (2008), Social multi-criteria evaluation for a sustainable economy, New
Patil. A.A, Annachhatre, A.P., & Tripathi, N.K. (2002), Comparison of conventional and
geo-spatial EIA: a shrimp farming case study, Environmental Impact Assessment Review,
Pope, J., Annandale, D., & Morrison-Saunders, A. (2004), Conceptualising sustainability
assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 24, 595–616.
Rosenhead, J., & Mingers, J. (2001), Rational Analysis for a Problematic World
Revisited: Problem Structuring Methods for Complexity, Uncertainty and Conflict,
Chichester, J. Wiley & Sons.
Rotmans, J. (2000), An integrated planning tool for sustainable cities, Environmental
Impact Assessment Review, 20, 265–76.
Saaty, T.L. (1980), The analytical hierarchy process, New York, NY, McGraw Hill.
Saaty, T.L., & Peniwati, K. (2007), Group decision making: Drawing out and reconciling
differences, Pittsburgh, PA: RWS Publications.
Saaty, T.L., & Vargas, L.G. (2000), Models, methods, concepts and applications of the
analytic hierarchy process, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publisher.
?ener, ?., ?ener, E., Nas, B., & Karagüzel, R. (2010), Combining AHP with GIS for
landfill site selection: A case study in the Lake Beys_ehircatchment area (Konya,
Turkey), Waste Management, 30, 2037–2046.
Sinclair, A.J., Sims, L., & Spaling, H. (2009), Community-based approaches to strategic
environmental assessment: lessons from Costa Rica”, Environmental Impact Assessment
Review, 29, 147–156.
Sumathi, V.R., Natesan, U., & Sarkar, C., (2008), GIS-based approach for optimized
siting of municipal solid waste landfill, Waste Management, 28, 2146–2160.
Therivel, R. (2010, 2nd edn), Strategic Environmental Assessment in Action, London,
Thirumalaivasan, D., Karmegam, M., & Venugopal, K. (2003), AHP-DRASTIC:
Software for specific aquifer vulnerability assessment using DRASTIC model and GIS,
Environmental Modelling & Software, 18, 645–656.
Vanderhaegen, M., & Muro, E. (2005), Contribution of a European spatial data
infrastructure to the effectiveness of EIA and SEA studies, Environmental Impact
Assessment Review, 25, 123–142.
Vizzari, M. (2011), Spatial modelling of potential landscape quality, Applied Geography,
Wiek, A., & Walter, A.I. (2009), A transdisciplinary approach for formalized integrated
planning and decision-making in complex systems, European Journal of Operational
Research, 197, 360–370.
Copyright of all articles published in IJAHP is transferred to Creative Decisions Foundation (CDF). However, the author(s) reserve the following:
- All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
- The right to grant or refuse permission to third parties to republish all or part of the article or translations thereof. In case of whole articles, such third parties must obtain permission from CDF as well. However, CDF may grant rights with respect to journal issues as a whole.
- The right to use all or parts of this article in future works of their own, such as lectures, press releases, reviews, textbooks, or reprint books.
- The authors affirm that the article has been neither copyrighted nor published, that it is not being submitted for publication elsewhere, and that if the work is officially sponsored, it has been released for open publication.
The only exception to the statements in the paragraph above is the following: If an article published in IJAHP contains copyrighted material, such as a teaching case, as an appendix, then the copyright (and all commercial rights) of such material remains with the original copyright holder.
CDF will receive permission for publication of copyrighted material in IJAHP. This permission is not transferable to third parties. Permission to make electronic and paper copies of part or all of the articles, including all computer files that are linked to the articles, for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage.
This permission does not apply to previously copyrighted material, such as teaching cases. In paper copies of the article, the copyright notice and the title of the publication and its date should be visible. To copy otherwise is permitted provided that a per-copy fee is paid.
To republish, to post on servers, or redistribute to lists requires that you post a link to the IJAHP article, which is available in open access delivery mode. Do not upload the article itself.
Authors are permitted to present a talk, based on a paper submitted to or accepted by IJAHP, at a conference where the paper would not be published in a copyrighted publication either before or after the conference and where the author did not assign copyright to the conference or related publisher.